Types of Due Diligence - Financial, Legal, HR and more | Ansarada (2024)

This page is all about understanding what is due diligence and what types of due diligence are most commonly seen in .

Due diligence is necessary when an investor or buyer considers a potential target company. Before the merger or acquisition can happen, the buyer will undertake a comprehensive risk and opportunity assessment of the target business to determine whether it’s a good fit and its potential value. Before the due diligence processcan take place, the target company must gather a huge amount of information across all areas of the business. Conducting due diligence requires looking at past and current performance, confirming the accuracy of reports, and assessing whether a transaction - such as an M&A deal - is viable.

Read more: Due diligence when buying a business

Because due diligence investigation is such an intensive and exhaustive activity, there are many types of due diligence that can apply. The importance of each will vary according to the industry and the type of transaction. ‘There may be as many as 20 or more different angles of due diligence analysis’ (Corporate Finance Institute).

When done properly, each type of due diligence is as valuable as the next and will support and inform the others for an integrated approach. Ultimately, all the different examples of due diligence have the same end goal. They provide businesses with the information they need and the confidence that the transaction is worth pursuing.

Transform due diligence with Ansarada Dealsstart for free today!

What are due diligence documents?

During a business transaction, such as a corporate merger or securities purchase, due diligence documents play a crucial role. These documents encompass various categories, including legal, financial, sales and marketing, and human resources. Through meticulous research and analysis, due diligence documents provide invaluable insights into a company or organization, enabling informed decision-making and mitigating potential risks.

Examples of due diligence

Due diligence is a process conducted in many different fields but the aim is always the same: to ensure the transaction you’re about to make is a good idea. Here are some examples of due diligence:

Due diligence in real estate

When purchasing a property, the buyer does due diligence by conducting thorough inspections of it to ensure there are no major issues.

Due diligence in buying goods and services

Before buying a product or service, consumers can do their due diligence on the seller by reading reviews left by previous buyers.

Due diligence in HR & recruitment

An employer or recruitment agency can perform police checks and contact an applicant’s referees before making the applicant an offer of employment.

Due diligence in M&A

The due diligence we’re interested in at Ansarada is the exhaustive investigation a business or investor does prior to initiating a merger or acquisition.

Types of due diligence in mergers and acquisitions

  1. Financial DD
  2. Legal DD
  3. Tax DD
  4. Operational DD
  5. Intellectual Property DD
  6. Commercial DD
  7. Information Technology DD
  8. HR due diligence
  9. Regulatory DD
  10. Environmental DD
  11. Confirmatory DD
  12. Specialized DD​

Financial due diligence

Financial due diligence is a crucial assessment of the financial health of the business where the company’s historical and current financial performance is scrutinized. It’s aim is to establish future forecasts with any and all potential risks taken into account.

An example of financial due diligence is reviewing financial statements, assets, debts, cashflow and projections to determine whether they are true and accurate. This helps the buyer get a better understanding of the company’s core performance metrics.

Learn more aboutfinancial due diligenceand ensure none of your most important financial documents are missed in your next process.

Legal due diligence

Legal due diligence is an essential part of any transaction and a mandatory consideration before entering into any merger or acquisition. It is an exercise in risk assessment to investigate any potential liabilities of the target company that could impact a successful transaction.

Examples of legal due diligence are careful examination of all material contracts, including partnership agreements, licensing agreements, guarantees, and loan and bank financing agreements.

Protect yourself from critical risk in your next transaction. Learn more aboutlegal due diligence.

M&A tax due diligence

Tax due diligence, also known as fiscal due diligence, is the process of examining all the different taxes applicable to a business.

In essence, corporate tax DD is a review of all the taxes a company is required to pay. It assesses the company’s total tax liability and the level of compliance with tax laws. Examples of tax due diligence are the validation of documents like tax returns (usually for the last three to five years), information pertaining to tax audits, and agreements with tax agencies. It aims to ensure all the company’s taxes are being paid and reported.

Assess compliance with tax obligations and understand the impact of tax on the sale price for the buy side.Learn more about commercial tax due diligence.

Operational due diligence

Operational due diligence covers all a target company’s main operations and considers all of its operational facilities and processes. In M&A transactions, operational due diligence assesses whether operational improvements could create additional value in the transaction, or if there are operational risks that should be addressed. Learn more about operational due diligence here.

Intellectual Property due diligence

IP due diligence is an in-depth assessment of the quantity and quality of a target company’s intellectual property assets. While these assets are intangible, they are often an important contributor to the company’s overall value and something that can set them apart from their competition.

An example of IP due diligence is the evaluation of patents, copyrights, trademarks and brand, along with assessing how well they are protected and covered. Learn more about IP due diligence here.

Commercial due diligence

Commercial DD (also called market due diligence) is an important step in validating the opportunity strategically.

An example of commercial due diligence is reviewingmarket size, market share, customer base, competitors and potential future returns. Commercial due diligence aims to assess if the deal is financially viable and the likelihood of realizing value from it. Get a better understanding of commercial due diligence here.

Information Technology due diligence

IT due diligence is an audit of a company’s IT infrastructure and processes, frequently with a focus on security assessment. This type of due diligence allows the acquiring company to evaluate existing IT structures and identify any potential security risks. Among other things, this includes how sensitive data is managed and protected. Learn more about IT due diligence.

HR due diligence

HR due diligence is one of the most underestimated and extensive due diligence types. It covers the entire spectrum of the workforce and all documentation pertaining to employees and management. HR due diligence checks are essential for getting a full picture of the company culture. It can identify any people-based risks before proceeding with a transaction, such as the likelihood of key roles exiting the business.

Examples of things covered in HR due diligence are employee contracts, salaries, benefits and bonuses, as well as any problems or grievances. All HR policies and procedures are also carefully analysed.

Ensure you have all the right company human resources information and that it’s structured correctly. Learn the ins and outs ofHR due diligence.

Regulatory due diligence

Regulatory due diligence is becoming increasingly important for ensuring compliance amid a changing regulatory landscape. It’s crucial that companies undertake regulatory due diligence to identify areas of legal or regulatory risk that usually have a zero tolerance policy.

This type of due diligence is particularly important in heavily-regulated industries such as Healthcare and Finance. Learn more about regulatory due diligence.

Environmental due diligence

Environmental regulation is important for a company to demonstrate, as risk of non-compliance can lead to heavy penalties and even operational shut down. Environmental due diligence is the means by which companies review all environmental permits, licenses, and methods of disposal to ensure all regulations are being followed. Learn more about environmental due diligence here.

Confirmatory due diligence

The confirmatory due diligence process is typically initiated once a Letter of Intent or term sheet is issued, and aims to confirm all assumptions that buyers have about the target of their acquisition. Confirmatory due diligence encompasses many types of due diligence, and is best thought of as a phase of the due diligence process.

Specialized due diligence

Specialized due diligence refers to the thorough investigation and assessment of specific areas or aspects of a target company beyond the standard due diligence process. While standard due diligence covers various aspects such as financials, legal matters, operations, and market analysis, specialized due diligence dives deeper into particular areas that are critical to the success of the M&A deal.

Power due diligence with AI

The above overview of due diligence types might give you the impression that there’s a lot of work to be done - and there is. One of the ways that Ansarada can help you make these processes as efficient and secure as possible is with a suite of AI-powered deal tools.

Ansarada’s AI tools can analyze the real-time flow of data from interactions between bidding parties in a deal, including huge volumes of information. This enables dealmakers to garner value from tens of thousands of data points in seconds. They can also automate hours of manual work to save significant time and cost in efficiency alone.

Learn more about AI-powered due diligence here


What are the three 3 types of diligence?

While there are as many as 10 different types of due diligence in M&A, they generally fall into three broad categories:

  • legal due diligence.
  • financial due diligence.
  • commercial due diligence.

What is due diligence in banking & finance?

There are 3 types of due diligence in banking, not to be confused with the due diligence process in corporate transactions. Banks perform due diligence usually relating to the verification of customer identiy. They fall into three categories: simplified due diligence (SDD), customer due diligence (CDD), and enhanced due diligence (EDD).

Types of Due Diligence - Financial, Legal, HR and more | Ansarada (2024)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Otha Schamberger

Last Updated:

Views: 6331

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (55 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Otha Schamberger

Birthday: 1999-08-15

Address: Suite 490 606 Hammes Ferry, Carterhaven, IL 62290

Phone: +8557035444877

Job: Forward IT Agent

Hobby: Fishing, Flying, Jewelry making, Digital arts, Sand art, Parkour, tabletop games

Introduction: My name is Otha Schamberger, I am a vast, good, healthy, cheerful, energetic, gorgeous, magnificent person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.